The Interuniversity Attraction Pole ‘Justice and Populations’ has made a startOn 16 January 2013, the promotors of the IAP 'Justice and Populations' have held their first meeting. Until 2017, 14 universities and federal scientific institutions will join forces to carry out research on different aspects of the relation justice-population. Cegesoma is one of the partners in this undertaking.
The objective of the interuniversity attraction poles, a research programme financed by the Federal Science Policy, is to create an (interdisciplinary) cooperation between researchers of different Belgian universities and federal scientific institutions (interdisciplinary) with regard to a specific theme on which they have acquired a particular expertise.
Joseph Jamar (1870-1954). As substitute of the public prosecutor in Liège in 1914-1918, he quickly ascended the judicial hierarchy during the interwar period to become the first president of the Court of Cassation in January 1939. He maintained his position at the top of the Belgian judiciary system right up until his retirement on the 8th of June 1945. (Photo Cegesoma, nr. 163.879)
Justice and populations
The IAP 'Justice and populations' directed by Prof. Xavier Rousseaux of the Centre d'Histoire du Droit et de la Justice (CHDJ of the UCL) focuses on different aspects of the relation between justice and population in a long-term perspective from the late eighteenth century until today.
Questions such as how justice deals with specific population groups, the legitimacy of justice among the population, the attempts of justice to strengthen its legitimacy, the representation of justice and the perception among the population of the institutions and the actors of justice will be researched.
Periods of crisis are examined with particular attention. In recent periods, these are the “Dutroux-crisis', in the past the wars and the transition from occupation to peace. Justice in the former colony is a specific point of interest.
The subprojects of Cegesoma focus on three themes.
The first project centres on the Great War and its impact on the functioning of justice in the subsequent years when the transition to peace was made in the context of the democratisation of politics and society. Mélanie Bost will take on this project from 1 February 2013.
A doctoral project will raise the question of the relation between the magistracy and the resistance in Belgium during the Second World War. This research has been undertaken by Jan Julia Zurné since 1 December 2012.
The projects are part of the third work package which focuses on justice in periods of crisis. At such times, justice often assumes that certain population groups constitute a particular risk.
Apart from the scientific research, the digitisation and making accessible of sources, databases and work instruments on the history of justice is a second central goal of the IAP.
A special website collects this material and makes it accessible in a scientifically justified manner, taking into account the recent evolutions in the field of digital humanities. The ICT department of Cegesoma was in charge of the creation of this website.
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